At the time of the 2016 census, Aurukun had a population of 1,269, including 1,147 Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders, compared to a total population of 1,043 in 2006.  95.8% of the population was born in Australia. 10.6% of people spoke English only at home. Other languages spoken at home were Cape Town 61.6% and Wik Mungkan 14.7%. The most frequent responses for religion were Uniting Church 44.3%, No Religion 29.3% and Presbyterian and Reformed 11.0%.  On 1 January 2020, Aurukun was rocked by a stabbing and a riot by more than 250 people that burned several houses. Alcohol, which was illegally put into the non-alcoholic community, is believed to have contributed to the violence.  One-fifth of the city`s population fled to escape the violence: 110 shelters in the bushes outside the city and 120 fled to the town of Coen, 300 kilometres away.  Until 21 January 2020, 280 residents were not yet ready to return to the city and the emergency dog feeding was transported to Aurukun to feed the 70 dogs abandoned by those who had not returned. Some members of the Aurukun Shire Council resigned because they were unwilling to return to the Community.  Quarantine provisions apply in this area. For more information, click here: Since 2015, we have been working regularly with traditional owners in Aurukun on possible projects and options. Aurukun is home to a large number of Aboriginal groups.
In 2013[update], there were between 50 and 60 families from five large clan groups.  In 2007, the Sydney Morning Herald reported that few people had phones in Aurukun.  The municipality also does not have a high-speed adsl service and receives all communication services through radio towers.  A number of recognized languages are spoken in the Aurukun area. The dialects spoken in Aurukun are inherited from the birth of the clan and the relationship with the country. Wik Muungkan [Wick Mun-kin] is the dominant dialect used by Wik and Wik Way people. Most members of the community speak and have full competence in 4 or 5 languages. According to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics Census 2011, 96.2% of the indigenous population of Aurukun spoke a form of Aboriginal language at home. The use of an interpreter may be necessary for complainants, witnesses, victims and offenders who will appear in court.
The resource was previously declared to have a total JORC resource (measured, declared and derived) from 357 million tonnes to 51.4% Al2O3 and 8.6% HTRSi. Bush hiking, fishing and some campsites are the dominant activities for tourists who visit them. Visitors must apply to the Aurukun Shire Council for permission before entering the Community. Aurukun`s water supply is drawn from five boreholes throughout the city.  From October 2014, fluoride was introduced into the water supply in Aurukun after public consultation.  Following an open and competitive tendering process by the Queensland government, Glencore entered into a development agreement with the state to assess the feasibility of developing the resource. In December 2007, nine aurous were given suspended and other light sentences after being convicted of raping a 10-year-old girl.   Light sentences have been internationally convicted and have led to a review of the conviction of sexual abuse in indigenous communities in Queensland.  In March 2008, it was reported in general terms that standards of justice, education and child safety collapsed in Aurukun and that the Community Justice Group had requested that children from the city be removed from the city for their own safety and well-being.
 The death of an Aboriginal or a person from the Torres Strait Islander has an impact on the community as a whole.